The Gambella National Park was created for the numerous larger wildlife species representative of the neighboring Sudan, particularly Nile Lechewe, White-eard Kob and White-headed stork; in addition to extensive areas of swamp habitat.
Location: the park is situated in Gambella Regiob, some 800km West of Addis Ababa at the coordinate between N8000’ and E34015’. The altitude of the park ranges between 400-768 asl. It is located close to the Sudan border.
Rainy season: the area receives greatest amount of rainfall that averages about 1,400mm per year. The rainy season tends from April to October. The main dry season is November to March.
Temperature: the highest temperatures are 36-400c in November to March.
Ecological zone: west Ethiopia
Vegetation type: Savanna characteristics predominantly swamp deciduous woodland and riparian formations.
Major wildlife species: include Roan Antelope, White_eard Kob, Nile Lechwe,, Topi, Buffalo, Elephant, Lelwel Hartebeest, Waterbuck, Giraffe, Hippopotamus, Crocodile, Lion and Leopard.
Major physical/geological features: extensivr swamps and wetlands